This product promotes the correction of uneven skin tone, age spots and scars. It contains Retinol, Kojic Acid, Azelaic Acid, Licorice Extract and Alpha Arbutin. Retinol assists in creating stronger, healthier skin cells and stimulates collagen production, increasing elasticity. Kojic Acid corrects pigment problems and age spots, and has a similar effect such as hydroquinone. Kojic Acid also has antibacterial and antifungal properties. Azelaic Acid reduces pigmentation, helps clears acne and has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory properties. Licorice Extract reduces redness and treats atopic dermatitis. Alpha Arbutin is a water soluble, biosynthetic active that's very effective in promoting skin brightening and even skin tone for all skin types.